High Testosterone in Women + What to Do About It

Dr. Jolene Brighten Hormones Comments

“I can’t keep up with the amount of hair on my chin! At this rate, I’m going to end up in the circus as the bearded lady,” 36 year old Shannon shared in our first visit.

In addition to hair on her chin, she was now shaving her belly, experiencing terribly oily skin and acne. Shannon’s symptoms pointed to high testosterone.

Too much testosterone is a real concern for many women. In fact, the question shows up on my Facebook or Instagram page about once per week, which means we are loooong overdue for this article.

It’s important to keep in mind as we dive into this topic that testosterone is good for women, but like all hormones (and most things in life) too much of a good thing can get us into big trouble.

High Testosterone in Women Can Cause…

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What Causes Excess Testosterone?

There can be several mechanisms at play, but one of the most common causes of elevated testosterone in women is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS).

But here’s the tricky part… not every women with elevated testosterone has PCOS.

This was true of Shannon.

All of Shannon’s google searches were turning up PCOS. “But I’ve never missed a period in my life!”

She explained her periods had always been regular and remained regular. Her skin had been clear for the majority of her adult life, but in the last couple of years the pimples began to crop up, especially around her jaw line.

She shared that she had noticed the darkening of her facial hair and the need to blot her face more often due to excess oil before the acne became a regular resident and the chin hair took a sharp turn towards dark, thick and coarse.

Unfortunately, once the hair has changed it is irreversible, meaning you have to get it professionally removed once it becomes thick and coarse. This didn’t mean she had to live with it and certainly didn’t mean we weren’t going to try to prevent her from getting more!

How Insulin & Blood Sugar Issues Cause High Testosterone in Women  

I explained to Shannon that the same mechanisms that cause high testosterone in women with PCOS were likely at play. Shannon was an ‘eat on the run’ kind of gal and admitted that she was pretty inconsistent about meals. Although she was eating dairy and gluten free, she often found herself eating a bag of gluten free pretzels or a piece of fruit when feeling “desperately hungry.”

Blood sugar dysregulation is at the crux of many hormone imbalances, with elevated testosterone being no exception. That means this missing meals business was wreaking havoc on Shannon’s complexion and mood.

It was these spikes and dips in blood sugar that were creating strain on Shannon’s adrenals. Her lab testing revealed HPA dysregulation and elevation of inflammatory markers. Shannon’s adrenals were struggling and as a result her inflammation was climbing. Her insulin levels were mildly elevated, along with clear signs her blood sugar was often higher than it should be.

As insulin climbs it can stimulate the adrenals to produce testosterone.

And while many body tissues will begin ignoring insulin signals (insulin resistance), your ovaries are among the few organs that will continue to remain sensitive to insulin…even when insulin just will not quit bugging that cell!

This stimulation causes the ovary to produce testosterone, and in women with PCOS (and the chronic insulin overstimulation that accompanies it) this can lead to the typical structural changes that are seen in PCOS.

Get the Hormone Meal Plan and Recipe Guide that helped Shannon get her hormones in check! Download your FREE Hormone Starter Kit with 7 Day Meal Plan & Recipe Guide Book.

What to Do About That High Testosterone…

While Shannon’s doctor strongly encouraged her to get on the birth control pill to drop her testosterone, Shannon was concerned about the other side effects. And rightly so! The pill can definitely lower testosterone, but at the expense of your libido and mood.

Shannon’s goal was to get to the root cause of her symptoms without suppressing her body’s normal hormones function.  I explained that in order for us to have a clear understanding of where her hormones and her body were imbalanced we couldn’t introduce a pharmaceutical that masks the underlying cause. So we got to work quickly with lab testing and natural therapies.

One of our first steps was to get Shannon on a regular meal schedule, including fat and protein with meals. We swapped out her 3 cups of black coffee for green tea, which increases Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG), a protein that grabs onto excess testosterone. We also got her going with fresh ground flax seed, which is a great source of anti-inflammatory omega-3 fatty acids and has been shown to also raise SHBG.

I started Shannon on hormone supportive herbs like Eleutherococcus, Black Cohosh, Saw Palmetto, Vitex, and Dong Quai while we waited for her labs to come back. Because natural therapies can take time to improve symptoms I wanted to waste no time in getting her hormones back on course.

Shannon had lifestyle homework too, which included regular sleep, meals, and a daily journaling practice to help her release the stress of the day and get into a deep sleep. 

With the help of my clinical team Shannon was able to bring her testosterone back into balance, along with her other hormones, and create clear, beautiful skin. After having electrolysis to remove the unwanted hair on her chin, Shannon was happy to report there was no new growth of hairs. (Remember, once it has gone course there is no going back without professional hair removal, which why Shannon’s hair troubles required an additional health care team member – the esthetician).

Does talk of excess testosterone conjure up images of a bearded lady for you too? Grab my free hormone starter kit along with my hormone balancing meal plan to optimize your hormones!

 

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About The Author

Dr. Jolene Brighten

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Dr. Jolene Brighten is a licensed Functional Medicine Naturopathic Doctor, best selling author, speaker, and mother. Dr. Brighten specializes in women’s health, from fertility to postpartum care, adrenal and thyroid support, autoimmune conditions, and digestive disorders. In her patient centered practice, Dr. Brighten thrives on navigating the space between conventional and alternative medicine, all while working with patients to help them achieve optimum balance, health, and happiness.